Our NRM programmes are known by the name Jeevanam. We adopted a community participatory net planning and implementation strategy in NRM projects. Following are the major projects in NRM sector
a) Resource Support Organisation Project (RSO) for NABARD
NABARD appointed CRD as its RSO for its Holistic Watershed Development Projects in Kasaragod Project during 2008-2014, covering 35 Watersheds spread across Manjeshwaram, Karadka, Kasaragod, Parappa and Nileshwaram Blocks of the District covering a total area of 30351 Ha in 22 Grama Panchayats. The association also continued in its Sustainable Development Projects (SDP) implemented in select 10 Watershed projects during 2018-20.
Providing technical support to the PRIs, NGOs and VWCs, conducting Capacity Building Trainings, Coordination & Linkages with various institutions, doing Studies & Documentation, making Special Recommendation for Release of Funds, Project Monitoring, developing replicable Watershed models by acting as PFA, coordinating Cluster Plus Activities and MIS Reporting System were the major responsibilities of RSO
b) Technical Support Organisation (TSO) for the implementation of Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), a centrally sponsored scheme.
CRD was one of the approved TSOs for Block Panchayats (PIAs) for the implementation of IWMP projects. Parappa and Karadka Block Panchayats, the PIAs for IWMP Cluster Watershed Projects had selected and appointed CRD as TSO. As TSO we have conducted detailed technical studies and PRA in the 5 watershed clusters covering 64 micro watersheds and 27571 Ha areas and prepared the Detailed Project Report.
c) Implementation of Watershed Projects under NABARD Holistic Watershed Programme (NHWDP) – Distressed district package
CRD implemented 7 watershed projects (Kunjar, Banatpady, Kuntar, Neelimala, Pallikandam, Thaliyammada and Pettikundu- Chanappamchal watersheds) under NHWDP in Kasaragod Dt, covering a total area of 6756 Ha, during 2008-2014, in the role of Project Facilitation Agency (PFA). The project has mainly 5 stage viz. Pre-Capacity Building, Interim Phase, Feasibility Study Report preparation, Full Implementation and Consolidation stage. Community Organisation, Capacity Building Training and Exposure programmes, Watershed Treatment measures, Demonstration activities and Livelihood through Revolving Fund are the are the major components of the project.
d) Watershed Projects under Western Ghats Development Programme (WGDP)
We have experience in implementing 14 Watershed Projects under WGDP of Planning Commission, Government of India. Total area of these projects comes to 9321 Ha. Of which 12 projects (Kundenvayal, Kakkatt, Vazhakode, Kothottu and Karakode watersheds in Madikkai Gramapanchayat, Kaliyadukkam and Chalinkal in Pullur-Peria Gramapanchayath, Podavoor, Alandatta, Nalilamkandam-Kuttamath in Kayyur Cheemeni Gramapanchayath, Konnakkad watershed in Balal Gramapanchayat and Deviyottukavu watershed project in Kankol-Alapadamba Gramapanchayat were completed. Koodanam in Pullur-Peria Gramapanchayat and Parakkol-Keekkanam in Kinanoor-Karinthalam Gramapanchayat are the ongoing projects. Community Organisation & Training, Production System Management, Natural Resource Management, Livelihood Systems and Project Management are the major components of the project.
In various capacities like RSO, TSO and PIA, CRD could cover a total area of 67243 Ha directly benefiting at least 1,25 Lakh families.
e) Climate change mitigation and adaptation programmes
With the Support from NABARD-KfW (KfW is the development bank of German Government) Soil project, we are implementing climate change adaptation and mitigation programme (Integration of Watershed Development for rehabilitation of degraded soil and climate change adaptation” (SEWOH Phase II) in 5 treated watersheds in Kasaragod District viz. Mugu, Kunjar, Banatpadi, Cheripadi and Pettikundu in Kasaragod District. The purpose of the project is to reduce vulnerability to climate change of small scale farmers in selected watersheds through the stabilization, enhancement and sustainable use of soil and water resources. In these watersheds various climate change mitigation and adaptation measures and capacity building training programmes are being implemented covering the select hotspots which come to 1194.91 Ha to benefit 1543 farmers families. The activities are grouped in components such as Soil and water conservation, Soil health and productivity enhancement, Sustainable NRM, Climate change adaptive farming practices and nutritional security, Measures to mitigate climate change risks, training & knowledge transfer and knowledge management.
f) Springshed Project
CRD is implementing springshed project to develop and conserve springs in Kundaram area in East-Eleri Gramapanchayath of Kasaragod District with the support from NABARD. The project covers 299.92 Ha and 346 households. It aims at revival of drying springs for drinking water purpose, enrichment of soil fertility through control of soil and water erosion and promotion of sustainable farming practices like organic farming. Project has activities in components like Soil and Water Conservation, Crop productivity enhancement interventions, Agriculture and allied activities, Gender and Livelihood development activities, Community organization and Training and Capacity building programme
g) Watershed Master Plan Preparation
We prepare Detailed Project Reports (DPR) / Feasibility Study Report (FSR) for all the watersheds with which we act as Support Organisation/ Project Implementing Agency/ Project Facilitating Agency. We follow a community participatory net planning approach in DPR preparation. All thematic maps are prepared in GIS platform. We also prepare Watershed Master Plan under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) for the local bodies. The Watershed Master Plan we prepared for Madikkai Grama Panchayat is the first of this kind under MGNREGS in Kasaragod DT.